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The illusive peace: the legacy of Oslo 20 years on

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Briefing Paper: The illusive peace: the legacy of Oslo 20 years on

In 1993, the Oslo accords launched a transitional process that was supposed to end in May 1999 with a Palestinian state in all of the West Bank, including Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. Twenty years on, this transitional period has become a permanent fixture on Palestine's political landscape. All that remains for the proposed Palestinian state is 42 per cent of the West Bank, and even that is fast diminishing due to Israeli settlement expansion.

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Oslo's Roots: Kissinger, the PLO, and the Peace Process

Al-shabaka Al-shabaka policy brief

Overview

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry's highly publicized efforts to foster negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians coincides with the 20th anniversary of the Oslo Accords. The conventional wisdom is that the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) -- weakened and on the verge of bankruptcy after the end of the Cold War and the first Gulf War -- signed the Oslo Accords to stave off the emergence of an alternate leadership from the occupied Palestinian Territories and irrelevancy.

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Israel's arrest campaign against Palestinian parliamentarians

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Israel's arrest campaign against Palestinian parliamentariansIntroduction

According to international law and even the Israeli legal system, no one should be detained for their political beliefs. However, this is not the reality in the occupied Palestinian territories. Elected Palestinian political leaders are arrested and detained regularly as part of Israel's effort to hinder Palestinian political processes, leading to the stifling of Palestine's political sovereignty and independence. Such arrests have recently been focused on parliamentarians who are linked in some way to Hamas.

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Weighing up the Jordanian-Palestinian Confederation

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Weighing up the Jordanian-Palestinian ConfederationIntroduction

The idea of a Jordanian-Palestinian confederation, which first emerged four decades ago, has resurfaced in recent months and is creating something of a controversy. The origins of the concept go back to 1972 when King Hussein of Jordan offered a plan to establish a federal united Arab kingdom to include Jordan, Gaza and the West Bank. The fundamental aim of this federation was to assert Arab sovereignty over all three territories.

In 1985, an agreement to seek Palestinian self-determination within such an alliance was reached between the two parties. However, during the first Intifada [Palestinian uprising] in 1988, King Hussein unexpectedly withdrew his plan and severed ties with the Palestinian territories. He asserted that it was time for Palestine to become self-dependent and negotiate with Israel without Jordanian interference. Since then, the focus has shifted to securing an independent Palestinian state and discussion of a confederation became taboo.

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