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Israel PM says UN agency for Palestinians must close, Israeli warplanes strike Gaza

January 31, 2024 at 9:17 pm

A view of the damaged UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) headquarters building after Israeli tanks fire in Khan Yunis, Gaza on January 26, 2024. [Jehad Alshrafi – Anadolu Agency]

Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, called on Wednesday for the closure of the UN Palestinian refugee agency (UNRWA), as his forces conducted more air strikes in Gaza amid diplomatic efforts for a ceasefire and release of hostages in the enclave, Reuters reports.

Israel has accused some UNRWA staff of involvement in the 7 October Hamas assault in southern Israel that triggered the war in Gaza. Donors, including the United States have paused funding, pending an investigation, but aid agencies say ending UNRWA operations would wreck humanitarian efforts in devastated Gaza.

The Palestinians have accused Israel of falsifying information to tarnish UNRWA, which was set up to help refugees of the war at Israel’s founding in 1948 and to which more than half Gaza’s population look to for day-to-day assistance.

“It’s time the international community and the UN itself understand that UNRWA’s mission has to end,” Netanyahu told visiting UN delegates, according to his office.

READ: Gaza economy could take decades to recover, UN trade body says

He said UNRWA should be replaced by other aid agencies “if we are going to solve the problem of Gaza as we intend to do”.

Earlier, UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, described UNRWA as “the backbone of all humanitarian response in Gaza” and appealed to all countries to “guarantee the continuity of UNRWA’s life-saving work”.

In Gaza, witnesses said Israel had stepped up air strikes on Gaza City, in the north, and bombarded parts of Khan Yunis, in the south, despite what appeared to be the most serious peace initiative for months in the Israel-Palestine war.

Hamas, the Palestinian group, is currently studying the proposal, which envisages the release of all remaining hostages seized on 7 October.  Israel says they number around 136. Hamas has demanded an end to Israel’s offensive.

World powers hope to prevent a wider conflict, but tensions in the Middle East remain high after Yemen’s Houthis said they would keep attacking US and British warships in the Red Sea in solidarity with Palestinians.

Relations between Tehran and Washington are also tense after the deaths of three US soldiers in a drone strike in Jordan that US officials blame on Iran-backed militants. Washington has not yet outlined its response, but Iran’s Revolutionary Guards said on Wednesday they would respond to any US threat.


Much of the densely populated Gaza Strip has been devastated by almost four months of Israeli bombardment, and most of its 2.3 million residents have been uprooted by fighting that has caused the world’s biggest humanitarian crisis.

Gaza health authorities said 26,900 Palestinians had been killed – including 150 over the past 24 hours – so far, in the war that was triggered after Hamas fighters stormed into Israeli towns on 7 October, killing 1,200 and taking 253 hostages.

However, since then, it has been revealed by Haaretz that helicopters and tanks of the Israeli army had, in fact, killed many of the 1,139 soldiers and civilians claimed by Israel to have been killed by the Palestinian Resistance.

Israel’s military said its forces had killed at least 25 Palestinian militants in Gaza in the past 24 hours, and that three Israeli soldiers had been killed – taking to 224 the number of troops killed during Israel’s ground offensive.

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Smoke rose above Gaza City after the latest air strikes, some of which targeted the headquarters of the Interior Ministry, Palestinian media and residents said.

The Al-Nuseirat Refugee Camp in central Gaza came under fire and tanks pounded areas of Khan Yunis around Nasser Hospital, the largest still functioning in the south, witnesses said.

As the health system deteriorates, Palestinian medics say they have formed field medical points to help reach front lines, as treating the wounded in Khan Yunis has become increasingly difficult amid street battles and artillery strikes.

“There’s a lot of injuries among the displaced who were in the industrial quarter and some schools,” said Nassim Hassan, the head of the Emergency Unit at Nasser Hospital, adding that “many of the injured left loaded on carts, tuk-tuks, cars or even on foot.”

Three-stage truce 

A senior Hamas official told Reuters the Gaza ceasefire proposal involved a three-stage truce, during which Hamas would release the remaining civilians among hostages captured on 7 October,  then soldiers and finally the bodies of dead hostages.

The proposal followed talks in Paris involving intelligence chiefs from Israel, the US and Egypt, with the Prime Minister of Qatar.

The US ambassador to the United Nations urged Hamas on Wednesday to accept the proposal, saying it would allow more vital food, water and medicine supplies to enter Gaza.

“(Hamas) can continue to dig tunnels, to plan for its next attack, to use civilians and civilian infrastructure as human shields, or it can lay down its weapons and accept the proposal on the table to release every hostage,” Linda Thomas-Greenfield told a meeting of the UN Security Council.

Palestinians said the fighting in Gaza must end for good.

“Any ceasefire that doesn’t end the war and return us to our homes in Gaza City and the north is not worth it,” Ahmed, who fled his home in Gaza City for Rafah in the south, said by telephone. “We are exhausted.”

READ: 72% of Israelis say aid deliveries to Gaza must be stopped, survey finds