UN agencies have urged an end to what they describe as the Gaza Strip's "de-development spiral", in a report marking the two-year anniversary of the ceasefire that ended 'Operation Protective Edge'.
In a statement released Friday, 16 heads of United Nations agencies in Palestine call for the "uninterrupted and predictable flow of material and increased funding to address humanitarian needs and boost economic prospects for Gaza's 1.9 million residents."
In the report, UN agencies "document collective progress made in the last two years, as well as some of the remaining challenges in the recovery and reconstruction effort." To date, "half of the homes which suffered partial damages and a third of destroyed homes have been rebuilt."
Robert Piper, the UN Coordinator for Humanitarian Aid and Development Activities, warned that "repairing the damages from the 51-day hostilities cannot be our only measure of success, given that humanitarian and socio-economic indicators were already so dire before 2014."
Piper added: "We must reverse Gaza's de-development trajectory and address the needs of a population that has gone through three rounds of conflict, nine years of an Israeli blockade and the consequences of the Palestinian internal divide."
The senior UN official emphasised that "addressing economic recovery requires much greater financial investments and serious policy changes, including a lifting of [Israeli-imposed] restrictions on both imports and exports."
On October 2014, donors pledged US$ 3.5 billion to support Gaza. According to the World Bank, only an estimated 40 percent had been disbursed by April this year.