Egypt is pushing to educate people in rural areas on birth control and family planning in a bid to slow a population growth rate that President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said poses a threat to national development.
The country is already the most populous in the Arab world with 93 million citizens and is set to grow to 128 million by 2030 if fertility rates of 4.0 births per thousand women continue, according to government figures.
In 2016, Egypt saw the birth of 2.6 million babies, the country’s statistics agency CAPMAS said last month.
“The two biggest dangers that Egypt faces throughout its history are terrorism and population growth and this challenge decreases Egypt’s chances of moving forward,” Sisi told a youth conference last month.
Egypt’s health minister last month started Operation Lifeline, a strategy to reduce the birth rate to 2.4 and save the government up to 200 billion Egyptian pounds ($11.3 billion) by 2030.
Its target is rural areas where many view large families as a source of economic strength and there is resistance to birth control because of a belief that it is unlawful under Islam to aim to conceive a specific number of children.
Egypt’s Al-Azhar university, a 1,000-year-old seat of Islamic learning, endorsed the ministry’s plan and said family planning is not forbidden.
Ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his wife Suzanne set up a population control programme decades ago but this is the first time the government says it is motivated by concern that rapid expansion saps the economy.