The Palestinian Foreign Ministry has called for forming an international commission to investigate Israeli excavations in the occupied city of East Jerusalem and beneath the flashpoint Al-Aqsa Mosque compound.
In a statement on Saturday, the ministry warned that the Israeli diggings pose a major threat to Palestinian houses in the occupied city.
"These excavations aim to cause cracks in Palestinian houses, with Israeli authorities ordering residents to leave these houses on the ground that they are not fit for living," the ministry said.
The ministry went on to describe the Israeli eviction of Palestinians from their homes as a "large-scale, systematic ethnic cleansing".
There was no comment from Israeli authorities on the ministry's statement.
Israel refuses to allow access to UNESCO to examine the holy sites in East Jerusalem.
In July 2017, the UNESCO executive board adopted a resolution that slammed "the failure of the Israeli occupying authorities to cease the persistent excavations, tunneling, works, projects and other illegal practices in East Jerusalem, particularly in and around the Old City of Jerusalem, which are illegal under international law".
The resolution further stated that "legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying power, which have altered – or purport to alter – the character and status of the holy city of Jerusalem… are null and void and must be rescinded forthwith".
In 2016, UNESCO passed a resolution describing Jerusalem as an "occupied" city and Israel as an "occupying power", which, under international law, has no sovereignty over the historic city.
The same resolution stated that Jerusalem's Old City was "entirely Palestinian", going on to emphasise its historical "Muslim and Christian" identity and heritage.
Israel occupied East Jerusalem during the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. In a move never recognised by the international community, it unilaterally annexed the entire city in 1980, claiming it as its "eternal and undivided" capital.