Over the past five years, Egypt's military coup authorities have executed 52 citizens who opposed the coup. They have been convicted in 13 political cases in special courts without the normal guarantees of a fair trial, according to international lawyers and human rights activists.
Arabi 21 reported that 50 of the coup opponents are still on death row.
International lawyers and jurists told Arabi 21 that these sentences lacked all the guarantees of fair trials. They make several claims that suggest these processes were unjust:
- Some death sentences were issued by from non-jurisdiction courts called "extraordinary chambers of terrorism," which exist in violation of the Egyptian Constitution and the Judiciary Law;
- The exceptional military courts have issued some sentences;
- Some judgments were issued by the dubious evidence; and
- Some death sentences have been issued against citizens who have been forced to confess under torture, in violation of the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which stipulates: "Not to be compelled to testify against himself or to admit guilt.