Palestinian refugees in Lebanon are three times more likely to die with COVID-19 than the population as a whole, according to UN figures that highlight the pandemic's outsized impact on the community, reports Reuters.
An estimated 207,000 Palestinian refugees live in Lebanon after being driven from their homes or fleeing the conflict surrounding Israel's 1948 creation, the vast majority in cramped camps where social distancing is impossible.
In the year since Lebanon registered its first case, about 5,800 have been infected with the coronavirus and about 200 of them have died, said a spokeswoman for the United Nations agency for Palestinian refugees, UNRWA.
That is three times the COVID-19 mortality rate for the country as a whole of just over 1%.
Most Palestinians who died after contracting the disease in Lebanon had health conditions such as cardiac or pulmonary issues, which are aggravated by poverty and conditions in the camps, said UNWRA spokeswoman Hoda Samra.
Cramped living conditions and the need to go out to work meant Palestinian refugees were more likely to be exposed to the virus, she added.
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"Vulnerable communities tend to have poorer baseline health conditions, hence more co-morbidities, and chronic health conditions," said Joelle Abi Rached, an associate researcher at Sciences Po University in Paris.
Lebanese authorities bar Palestinians from obtaining Lebanese nationality or working in many skilled professions, so the refugees largely make a living doing low-paid labour in construction and crafts, or as street vendors.
"The focus here is on the economic elements — people go out because they can't afford to go stay home," Samra told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
She said the total number of infections among Palestinians was likely higher given that only those suspected to have been exposed to confirmed COVID-19 cases were tested.
Lebanon, which kicked off its inoculation programme on Sunday, has said it will vaccinate Palestinian and Syrian refugees along with the rest of the population.
The total number of doses Lebanon has ordered so far would cover about half its population of more than six million, including at least a million Syrian refugees, who have also been hard hit by the pandemic.
Nine out of 10 were living in extreme poverty last year, according to the United Nations.
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Lebanon has been hammered over the past year by an acute financial crisis and a massive explosion in the capital, as well as facing one of the region's highest coronavirus infection rates.
But there are concerns about vaccine take-up. By Tuesday, only about 540,00 people had registered for vaccination, of whom about 6,200 were Palestinians and 5,300 were Syrians, according to government data.
"There is a lack of encouragement to take the vaccine that I think applies to many communities in Lebanon," Samra said.