Israel has deployed an all-encompassing facial recognition program in the occupied West Bank over the past two years that has catalogued at least thousands of Palestinians in the territory, according to a report published on Monday.
Israel's "Blue Wolf" initiative uses mobile devices to capture photos of Palestinians' faces then match them to a sprawling database that a former Israeli officer described as Israel's clandestine "Facebook for Palestinians," according to the Washington Post. The app flashes different colours to indicate whether a person who has been photographed should be taken into custody or left alone.
Israeli soldiers participated last year in a competition to see who could capture the highest number of photos of Palestinian faces, including those of children and the elderly, and the Post said that "at a minimum," the total number of pictures collected "ran well into the thousands."
Some Palestinians, particularly older women, reportedly resisted having their pictures taken, but soldiers would force them to comply.
The newspaper based its reporting on interviews with six former Israeli soldiers. All spoke to either the Post or the "Breaking the Silence" advocacy group on the condition of anonymity, for fear of potential repercussions.
The "Blue Wolf" program is just one part of Israel's facial recognition campaign in the West Bank. It has also employed the technology in the flashpoint city of Hebron, where cameras have been installed to identify Palestinians at checkpoints.
A closed-circuit television camera network has also been installed in the Palestinian city to provide Israel with real-time monitoring of residents.
One of the former soldiers said she was motivated to speak out by the system put in place in Hebron, which she said is a "total violation of privacy of an entire people."
"I wouldn't feel comfortable if they used it in the mall in [my hometown], let's put it that way," the soldier, who served in an intelligence unit, said. "People worry about fingerprinting, but this is that several times over."
Issa Amro, a resident of Hebron and activist, said Israel's activities are geared at making life unliveable for Palestinians in Hebron, so that they leave the city, and allow Israeli settlers to move in.
"The cameras," he told the newspaper, "only have one eye—to see Palestinians. From the moment you leave your house, to the moment you get home, you are on camera."
Within Israel proper, a proposal to introduce the technology for use in public spaces by law enforcement has drawn a swift backlash, the Post reported.
"While developed countries around the world impose restrictions on photography, facial recognition and surveillance, the situation described [in Hebron] constitutes a severe violation of basic rights, such as the right to privacy, as soldiers are incentivised to collect as many photos of Palestinian men, women, and children as possible in a sort of competition," Roni Pelli, a lawyer with the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, told the Post.
The Israeli military, Pelli said, "must immediately desist."