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Amnesty accuses South Sudan of crippling justice system

October 7, 2019 at 7:39 pm

Image of an Amnesty International rally, 28 July 2017 [Richard Potts/Flickr]

An international rights group has accused South Sudanese authorities of allowing “impunity to flourish over serious human rights violations, war crimes and crimes against humanity” committed since the brutal conflict broke out in 2013, reports Anadolu Agency.

“The perpetrators of heinous crimes committed during the conflict should be held accountable and punished, not offered a slice of power,” said Joan Nyanyuki, Amnesty International’s director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

“South Sudan’s government has responded with investigation committees whose reports rarely see the light of day, and when they do, their findings largely ignore crimes committed by government forces,” said Nyanyuki in a report.

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“The authorities’ failure to prosecute and punish the perpetrators of crimes under international law, committed by both government and opposition armed groups necessitates a meaningful and effective alternative justice mechanism for the people of South Sudan,” he added.

The report said South Sudanese President Salva Kiir can confirm or reject judgments by the military courts, effectively giving him veto powers over what is supposed to be an independent judicial process.

The report recommends the establishment of the hybrid court as provided for by the revitalized peace agreement.

It also asks the government to conduct judicial and legal reform to improve the domestic justice system’s independent ability to address impunity for crimes committed in the context of the ongoing conflict.

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South Sudan slid into crisis when Kiir sacked Riek Machar as vice president in December 2013 on suspicion of plotting a coup, followed by a protracted civil war that claimed the lives of tens of thousands and forced 4 million people to flee their homes.

Before a 2018 peace deal, five years of fighting between the two leaders crippled the country, with millions displaced and almost 400,000 people died from violence and disease.

Attempt to reach South Sudan Government for the report is not fruitful as their phones are not going through.