Hundreds of thousands of migrant and refugee children are missing in Europe, with no one knowing what happened to them, according to a member of the Turkish delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Anadolu Agency reports.
Speaking to Anadolu Agency on Friday, Serap Yasar said migration has been a hot topic around the world since 2011 and the recent situation in Afghanistan shows it will be on the agenda in the future as well.
"These are migrations caused by wars, terrorism, and internal turmoil. We should also not underestimate the migration caused by climate change," she said, adding that it should gain more global attention to move toward a solution.
Report on missing children
"We released our report on Missing Migrant and Refugee Children in Europe at the Council of Europe in January 2020, which was passed unanimously by the deputies of 47 countries registered in the Council of Europe," Yasar said.
"According to the report, hundreds of thousands of children are missing in Europe. It's unclear what happened to them. I want to highlight the number: hundreds of thousands of children."
"Sometimes the figure seems large, but I did not make this up. This went into UN reports. This was determined in the Council of Europe and finally in my report, with the decision numbered 2,324. At least one MP from 47 countries participated in this vote and they are aware of the situation. They probably carried it into their own parliaments as well," she added.
Yasar said they did not only identify the problem, but also offered solutions in the report.
She said the COVID-19 pandemic started after their report, and the world's agenda shifted to other issues.
"It is our duty to protect these children in any case. It is their right to be protected. They are children first, and then migrants and refugees. For every missing child, everyone who knows is responsible. First of all, states have an obligation to protect them," she said.
The European Police Organization (Europol) has yellow and black notices for missing and dead children respectively, said Yasar, adding the migrant children were not included in any of these categories.
"Let's say most of these children are orphans – unaccompanied, no parents with them. The European legal system for orphans does not apply to these children. These children also have the same rights as your own citizens, the right to benefit from this protection," she said.
Yasar shared that unaccompanied children in Turkey benefit from the state's orphan system.
"Turkey has set a good example. States that do this are fulfilling an obligation. This should have a place in international law. At the end of this month, I will be at the autumn session of the Council of Europe again. I will raise the issue again. When you bring up the subject, everyone rises, but when it comes to doing something, no concrete steps are taken," she added.
Yasar regretted that states and international security institutions have not yet established any network regarding refugee children.
Underlining that Turkey has set a great example in migration management, she said: "Turkey has become the conscience of the world. I say this with pride. We have a migration management system that will be written in the history of humanity and migration."