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UN presses Yemen warring parties for six-month truce extension

US President Joe Biden (L) meets Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (R) at Alsalam Royal Palace in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on July 15, 2022 [Royal Court of Saudi Arabia/Anadolu Agency]
US President Joe Biden (L) meets Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (R) at Alsalam Royal Palace in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on July 15, 2022 [Royal Court of Saudi Arabia/Anadolu Agency]

The United Nations is pushing Yemen's warring parties to agree to a six-month truce extension, two sources familiar with the talks said, which would be the longest in the seven-year-old conflict as international pressure grows on both sides to end the war, Reuters reports.

Peace efforts gained a boost after US President Joe Biden visited Saudi Arabia last week, where he announced an agreement with the Saudi leadership to "deepen and extend" the ceasefire expiring on 2 August. The war has pitted a coalition led by Riyadh against Yemen's Iran-aligned Houthis since 2015.

However UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, has to address strong grievances from both sides before they accept a further renewal of the existing two-month truce deal that first took hold in April, the sources said.

Saudi quagmire in Yemen - Cartoon [Latuff/MiddleEastMonitor]

Saudi quagmire in Yemen – Cartoon [Carlos Latuff/MiddleEastMonitor]

If agreed, the six-month extension would be the biggest step so far in the UN process towards resolving a conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people and left millions facing famine in a severe humanitarian crisis.

"The proposal (for a six-month extension) has been with the parties for some time now," one of the sources said.

Grundberg will, in the coming days, travel to Oman, where the Houthis' chief negotiator is based, and to Yemen's southern port city of Aden, where the Saudi-backed government is headquartered, for discussions, the source added.

Ismini Palla, spokesperson for Grundberg's office, said the UN Envoy has been discussing with the parties the renewal of the current truce, including the possibility of extending it for a longer period but "cannot discuss details at this time".

"Mr. Grundberg will continue his extensive engagements with the parties in the coming days," Palla told Reuters by email. "We hope that the parties will engage with his efforts constructively … that they do not miss this opportunity to reach a just and sustainable end to the conflict in Yemen."

Frustrations

Both sides have been frustrated about implementation of the full terms of the deal, which included allowing fuel ships to dock into Houthi-held Hudaydah port, some commercial flights from the capital, Sana'a, which is also under the group's control, and talks to re-open roads in the disputed Taiz region.

The sources said that the Saudi-backed authorities blame the Houthis for not re-opening main roads in Taiz and accuse them of not sharing tax revenues from Hudaydah port, while the Movement accuses the coalition of reducing the number of fuel ships arriving at Hudaydah over recent weeks, and says Egypt has not allowed more than one flight from Sana'a to Cairo.

Sources at Cairo Airport said Egypt needed more security checks for Sana'a flights over concerns about militant activity in north Yemen. The flights will be allowed if requirements are met but any movement on the issue is not expected imminently, the sources added.

There was no immediate response from Yemen's government, Houthi officials and Egypt's Foreign Ministry to Reuters requests for comment.

Representatives from the United States, Britain, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Oman, a group known as "Quint", held virtual talks on Monday to discuss the truce extension, and US Envoy for Yemen, Timothy Lenderking, is expected to begin a visit to the region on Tuesday, one of the sources said.

Saudi Arabia has been trying to exit the costly war that has tarnished its image and led Washington to slap restrictions on arms sales to Riyadh. The Biden administration is considering resumption of US sales of offensive weapons to the Kingdom, but any final decision is expected to hinge on success in establishing a permanent ceasefire in Yemen, four people familiar with the matter have said.

READ: Houthis offer a new peace initiative to end the war in Taiz

Categories
International OrganisationsIranMiddle EastNewsSaudi ArabiaUAEUNYemen
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