The United States has sent mixed messages to OPEC and its allies over the last week about whether they need to do more to raise oil production and hold down prices.
"The OPEC monopoly must get prices down now" President Donald Trump demanded on Twitter on Sept. 20.
We protect the countries of the Middle East, they would not be safe for very long without us, and yet they continue to push for higher and higher oil prices! We will remember. The OPEC monopoly must get prices down now!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 20, 2018
"We protect the countries of the Middle East, they would not be safe for very long without us, and yet they continue to push for higher and higher oil prices," he complained.
"We will remember," the president added, implying that US security support might be reassessed if OPEC members fail to cut crude prices.
But just seven days earlier, the president's own energy secretary had told reporters that Saudi Arabia, OPEC and Russia "are to be admired and appreciated" for raising their production to avoid a spike in oil prices.
The mixed messages illustrate the narrow and difficult path the administration is trying to take imposing tough sanctions on Iran's oil exports without sending prices sharply higher.
The United States is coordinating policy on sanctions and production closely with both Saudi Arabia and Russia; the US energy secretary has met both his Saudi and Russian counterparts in the last fortnight.
At the same time, the White House is anxious to avoid being blamed by US motorists for any further escalation in the cost of oil and gasoline, especially in the run-up to a tough congressional election on Nov. 6, but perhaps afterwards too.
In effect, there are two separate policies, or at least two different messages, one run by the president, and the other by his administration.
It is not unusual for governments to try to run multiple policies and messages, addressed to different audiences and intended to achieve different objectives, though it risks creating confusion and disappointment.
The president has criticised OPEC for rising oil prices four times on Twitter this year as well as in an interview with Fox News.
— FOX & friends (@foxandfriends) July 1, 2018
The president's tweets have generally been prompted when Brent crude prices have recently risen sharply and are in the $75-80 range.
From the president's behaviour, it is possible to infer that he doesn't want prices to rise above $80 per barrel and would prefer them closer to $70 or even below.
The president's tweets are creating an implicit price target, even if officials have been careful not to specify an explicit one.
So far, the president has been careful to blame "OPEC" and unspecified countries in the "Middle East" for rising oil prices, eschewing identifying individual countries by name.
As a practical matter, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait are the only OPEC members that have significant volumes of spare capacity and could raise output.
But all three are close allies of the United States, and Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have been at the forefront pushing for tough sanctions on fellow OPEC member Iran.
The president has so far been careful to avoid embarrassing them by identifying them individually, though his tweets have left no ambiguity about their target.
For the time being, the president may be content to complain on Twitter but do little else, in order to avoid being blamed for the rise in oil prices that is a byproduct of his sanctions policy.
However, if oil prices continue rising and hit $81-82 or even $85, the president's tweets may become more pointed and the White House could take tougher action to raise the political pressure on Riyadh.
Oil prices are now hovering uncertainly amid dwindling exports from Iran, poor production from other OPEC members and Brazil, decelerating output growth in the United States, and an uncertain consumption outlook.
Into that already complicated mix, the president of the United States is now trying to enforce a political price target of $80 or less.
The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.