As Qatar makes history as the first Muslim country to host the FIFA World Cup, the language of Western media outlets about the tournament is being criticised as racist, Islamophobic, and Orientalist.
Western criticism of Qatar is "not about human rights, and the inconsistency is very clear. It is the old Orientalism, which was refashioned for a modern audience," political scientist, Muhammad Jalal, a lecturer and host of the "Thinking Muslim" podcast, told Anadolu Agency.
"Some of the old Orientalist tropes have been wheeled out, time and time again, in the media. Arabs and Muslims are depicted as only being useful for producing oil and spending lavish amounts of money in Western capitals," he said.
Touching on the negative effect of Western media narratives on Muslims, Jalal said: "If you have the press constantly describing you as thieves, as terrorists, as murderers, as people who don't have the basic qualities of civilisation that Europeans have, then, over time, the European public would see you in this one-dimensional way."
Stories for perception management
Jalal called most the media headlines about Qatar "manipulative", highlighting the cover of French satirical weekly Le Canard Enchaine showing Qatari footballers as terrorists holding guns in their hands.
He said that this is a kind of hate speech, one saw in the French press, adding that such stories are run for the purpose of perception management.
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Almost half of the newspaper headlines were about topics other than football, he added.
Citing a pre-tournament survey in the UK, Jalal said that around 62 per cent of the British public thought Qatar should be prevented from hosting the World Cup simply because of its stance on LGBT issues.
'World Cup becomes event to impose European culture, values'
Jalal said the World Cup turned into an opportunity to try to impose European culture and values, rather than a sporting event, mentioning a British fan who tried to enter the stadium in a crusader costume.
He said: "Talk TV, which is a right-leaning British channel here, said: 'What a brave man! He's gone out to Qatar and now he's showing them English spirit.' It's unacceptable."
He explained that the crusader knight outfit evokes the 11th century occupation of Jerusalem.
"You wouldn't get any Arab or Muslim who comes to Britain on a tourist visa or comes to Britain or comes to support a team and denigrate the culture and history of those people but, for the Brits and for the Europeans, it's perfectly acceptable to behave in such a way," he added.
He said that there is some truth in the criticism directed at Qatar over migrant workers, but added that the figures of workers who lost their lives during the construction of the stadium are misleading.
Some 6,500 migrant workers from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, India and Bangladesh are said to have died. This is accepted as the figure by most outlets.
He stressed that those 6,500 non-Qataris were from a wide range of professions, including doctors, educators, and workers, citing work by Marc Owen Jones, who teaches Middle East studies at Qatar Hamad Bin Khalifa University.
Touching on the BBC broadcasting, a program that criticised Qatar's treatment of migrant workers, ban on the LGBT community and corruption in FIFA, instead of the World Cup opening ceremony, Jalal stressed the BBC previously broadcast similar events in Russia and China, live.
He said: "Up to 2 million Uyghurs are currently based in so-called retraining camps (in China), which we will call genocide camps yet, during the (2022) Winter Olympics, there was not much discussion (of that) at all."
Around four years ago, during the 2018 World Cup, Jalal said there were many reasons to talk about the real human rights violations of the host country, Russia, but not a single criticism was heard.
The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.