Creating new perspectives since 2009

Biden, Netanyahu pledge to work toward Israel-Saudi normalisation

September 20, 2023 at 6:57 pm

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (R) who is in New York for the 78th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, meets with U.S. President Joe Biden (L) in New York, United States on September 20, 2023 [Avi Ohayon (GPO)/Handout/Anadolu Agency]

US President Joe Biden and Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, pledged on Wednesday to work together toward a landmark agreement to forge diplomatic relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia, Reuters reports.

Meeting for the first time since Netanyahu returned to power in December, both leaders signalled a desire to ease strains in their relationship, but Biden also made clear he was determined to discuss their differences.

These included Biden’s opposition to Netanyahu’s far-right government’s controversial judicial overhaul plan, as well as his concern about Israel’s hard line toward the Palestinians.

“I hope we can get some things settled today,” Biden said at the start of the talks sitting side-by-side with Netanyahu in a New York hotel ballroom.

Instead of a meeting at the White House – the more prestigious venue preferred by Netanyahu – the two leaders ended up arranging their talks on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York.

READ: Saudi FM: No solution to Palestine-Israel conflict without independent Palestinian state

US officials expected the judicial overhaul to be raised in their conversations, with Biden likely to reiterate his call for Netanyahu to reverse course, as well as efforts to counter Iran’s nuclear program.

Biden reiterated his commitment to preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon and also repeated his support for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

But the biggest issue on the agenda was a US-led push to forge diplomatic relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia, the centrepiece of broader complex negotiations that involve US security guarantees and civilian nuclear help sought by Riyadh as well as Israeli concessions to the Palestinians.

I think that, under your leadership, Mr President, we can forge a historic peace between Israel and Saudi Arabia

Netanyahu said, adding that

such a peace would go a long way first to advance the end of the Arab-Israeli conflict, achieve reconciliation between the Islamic world in the Jewish state and advance a genuine peace between Israel and the Palestinians

Netanyahu said they could work together to make history.

“Together,” Biden repeated, signalling his commitment to the normalisation effort, which he said would have been unthinkable years ago.

White House snub 

Netanyahu had expected an earlier US visit, given his long history of dealing with American presidents and Washington’s close alliance with Israeli, but Biden had resisted.

Netanyahu did not get a meeting in the early months of the Biden White House in 2021 and was then ousted from power. He returned to power in December as head of a coalition of religious and ultranationalist parties.

Instead, Biden welcomed Israeli President, Isaac Herzog, a largely ceremonial post, to the White House in July to mark the 75th anniversary of Israel’s founding.

The talks with Netanyahu were seen as an opportunity for Biden to brief him and try to discern how far Israel would be willing to go in what has been billed as a potential grand bargain that could reshape geopolitics in the Middle East.

Netanyahu’s government has shown little willingness to make major concessions to the Palestinians, which could make it hard for Saudi Crown Prince, Mohammed Bin Salman, to agree on normalisation.

While US officials insist any breakthrough is far away, they privately tout the potential benefits, including removing a possible flashpoint in the Arab-Israeli conflict, strengthening the regional bulwark against Iran and countering China’s inroads in the Gulf. Biden would also score a foreign policy win as he seeks re-election in November 2024.

READ: Saudi crown prince ‘upset’ with Netanyahu

David Makovsky, a long time Middle East watcher at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, noted in a post on X, formerly known as Twitter, that the meeting was occurring “265 days after Netanyahu took office, the longest such gap since 1964.”

“The Saudi deal’s enormous potential has left Biden & Netanyahu little choice but to meet despite differences,” he said.

US officials have not ruled out an eventual White House meeting between Biden and Netanyahu. “I hope we will see each other in Washington by the end of the year,” Biden said at their meeting.

The Biden administration is calculating that the US could reap big rewards from such a mega-deal if it can overcome steep obstacles.

“We’ve had decades of conflict in the Middle East. To bring these two countries together would have a powerful effect in stabilising the region,” US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, told ABC News’ “Good Morning America” program, noting challenges remain to reach an agreement.

White House National Security Adviser, Jake Sullivan, earlier this month said while there are “elements of a pathway to normalisation” on the table, there was no framework or terms ready to be signed.

“There is still work to do,” Sullivan told reporters on 7 September.

READ: UAE concedes Abraham Accords failed to stop Israel’s illegal annexation