Iraq's Shia Popular Mobilisation Forces illegally detained villagers near the Daesh-held district of Hawija in northern Iraq and subjected them to torture and ill treatment, Human Rights Watch said today.
The leader of one of the militias denied the accusation and said their fighters were strictly following the law in their dealings with civilians fleeing military operations in the area.
Iraq launched an offensive on 21 September to dislodge Daesh from Hawija, which lies west of the oil city of Kirkuk and is one of two areas of the country still under Daesh control.
Men from villages near Hawija were detained by militias from the Badr Organisation, a pro-Iran, Shiae grouping that is playing a major role in Baghdad's war against Daesh, and were taken to an unknown location, the HRW report said, based on interviews with villagers evacuated to a nearby refugee camp.
The villagers told HRW they had seen militia fighters using their gun butts to beat the detained men. During their detention the fighters brought them food only once and only a small amount of water but did not let them use a bathroom.
"Human Rights Watch has documented that PMF groups, including units affiliated with the Badr Organisation, have screened, detained and tortured people during the military operations," said the report.
Women were also detained briefly by Iraqi security forces and were questioned about their male relatives' activities before being transported to the refugee camp, HRW said.
While Iraqi forces do need all the help they can get, the government should not allow abusive forces to use this opportunity for even more abuse
said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch.
The Iraqi government was not immediately available to comment on the HRW report, but local Badr commander Kareem Al-Mohammedawi denied that villagers' rights had been abused.
"We are strictly ordering our fighters to abide by the law and avoid mistreating refugees fleeing the fighting. But when we suspect someone is a terrorist we normally arrest him and hand him over to the security forces," he said.