In Colombia, where some 13,000 Palestinians reside, the leftist candidate Gustavo Petro has won the presidential election after he defeated his far-right rival Rodolfo Hernandez. The 62-year-old's victory represents a major revival for Colombia's progressive left in Latin America as it joined left-wing parties in Chile, Peru, Mexico and Argentina for the first time. According to figures published by Colombia´s electoral authority, Petro won 50.44 per cent of the votes compared to the 47.31 per cent achieved by his opponent.
"Today is a day of celebration for the people. Let them celebrate the first popular victory. May so much suffering be cushioned in the joy that floods the heart of our country today ," Petro said on Twitter.
Petro was a legislator and a member of the M-19 guerrilla group, which was originally set up during Colombia's 1970 elections. He later moved into politics and served as a senator and the mayor of Colombia's capital, Bogota. He was finally victorious in his third attempt in the presidential race, promising to address inequality in a country where nearly half the population lives in poverty and unemployment.
Hoy es dia de fiesta para el pueblo. Que festeje la primera victoria popular. Que tantos sufrimientos se amortiguen en la alegria que hoy inunda el corazon de la Patria.
Esta victoria para Dios y para el Pueblo y su historia. Hoy es el dia de las calles y las plazas.
— Gustavo Petro (@petrogustavo) June 19, 2022
The president-elect is known to be a supporter of the Palestinian cause and defender of human rights, which are being continuously violated in the Occupied Territories. More than once, Petro has described the struggle of the Palestinian people as an "historical struggle of a people for freedom and independence." He has also posted the Palestinian flag on his Facebook account.
"I raise my voice against the murder of Palestinians. People are not to be massacred, they are to be respected as a culture, as a right to exist under the skies of the planet. Jesus was Palestinian and asked that human beings love one another," Petro said in a tweet, accusing Israel forces of carrying out a "massacre" against Gazans during the Great March of Return in May 2018.
Levanto mi voz contra el asesinato de palestinos. Un pueblo no es para masacrar, es para respetar como cultura, como derecho a existir bajo los cielos del planeta. Jesús era palestino y pidió que los seres humanos se amaran los unos a los otros https://t.co/6fru2PJOBt
— Gustavo Petro (@petrogustavo) May 14, 2018
Until 2013, Colombia was the only South American nation that had not recognised Palestine as a sovereign state. It finally took the decision in 2018. The announcement was made public through a letter sent to Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad Al-Malki. The letter was written in August 2018 and signed by Foreign Minister Maria Angela Holguin Cuellar. "I would like to inform you that in the name of the government of Colombia, President Juan Manuel Santos has decided to recognise Palestine as a free, independent and sovereign state," the letter said.
Petro's outspoken criticism of Israel's policies and violations against Palestinians mean Colombia's ties with Tel Aviv will take a different direction under his leadership. "The State of Israel is one thing and the Jewish religion is another, just as the Colombian State is one thing and the Catholic religion another," Petro tweeted in 2019. "Confusing state and religion is typical of the archaic mentality. The State of Israel discriminates against Palestinians like the Nazis discriminated against Jews."
Una cosa es el estado de israel y otra cosa es la religión judía, así como una cosa es el Estado colombiano y otra la religión católica. confundir estado y religión es propio de la mentalidad arcaica. El estado de Israel discrimina a los palestinos como los nazis a los judíos. https://t.co/mNpFXdRCu8
— Gustavo Petro (@petrogustavo) May 3, 2019
Despite this, Israel's Foreign Ministry rushed to congratulate Petro, tweeting: "We congratulate the People of Colombia and President Elect @petrogustavo on a successful democratic election and look forward to further strengthening the relations between Israel and Colombia and between our two peoples."
Petro's victory has also been described as a "big defeat for the USA". Over the past two centuries, all Colombian presidents descended from right-wing aristocratic families, known for their loyalty to the US and its policies. This has contributed to making Colombia one of the most important nations in Latin America.
Meet the first progressive to ever win Colombia's presidency.
Gustavo Petro wants major social and economic change. And he says he'll restructure the police and close the riot squad, after officers killed dozens of protesters since 2019. pic.twitter.com/h4k2tp3Kwd
— AJ+ (@ajplus) June 24, 2022
Expectations are rising that Petro's electoral victory will lead to a deeper change in the political field in Latin America, and to the reconfiguration of Colombia's relations with the US. With Petro's victory, Colombia became the third largest country in Latin America to shift to the left. Chile, Peru and Honduras elected leftist presidents in 2021, while in Brazil former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is leading in the polls for this year's presidential election.
These new Latin American governments will constitute a real threat to American hegemony over the region. Perhaps this explains Joe Biden's rush to hold the Summit of the Americas in an attempt to test and identify his allies in Latin America.
The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.