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Trapped against fence, Gazans fear Israel attack on their last refuge

February 2, 2024 at 9:13 pm

A woman and a child sit among a debris of a collapsed structure at the area where displaced Palestinian families who took refuge in Rafah, Gaza continue to live under difficult winter conditions in makeshift tents on January 28, 2024. [Abed Zagout – Anadolu Agency]

Israeli forces shelled the outskirts of the last refuge on the southern edge of the Gaza Strip on Friday, where the displaced population, penned against the border fence in their hundreds of thousands, feared a new assault with nowhere left to flee, Reuters reports.

More than half of Gaza’s 2.3 million residents are now homeless and crammed into Rafah. Tens of thousands more have arrived in recent days, carrying belongings in their arms and pulling children on carts, since Israeli forces last week launched one of the biggest assaults of the war to capture adjacent Khan Yunis, the main southern city.

If the Israeli tanks keep coming, “we will be left with two choices: stay and die or climb the walls into Egypt,” said Emad, 55, a businessman and father of six, reached on a mobile phone chat app.

“Most of Gaza’s population are in Rafah. If the tanks storm in, it will be a massacre like never before during this war.”

Israeli Defence Minister, Yoav Gallant, said on Thursday that troops would now “eliminate terror elements” in Rafah, one of the few areas not yet taken in an almost four-month-old assault.

READ: UN ‘fear’ of Israel’s ground offensive spreading to Rafah

As the only part of Gaza with access to the limited food and medical aid trickling across the border, Rafah and nearby parts of Khan Yunis have become a warren of makeshift tents, clogged by winter mud. Wind and cold add to the misery, blowing tents down or flooding them and the ground in-between.

“What should we do? We live in multiple miseries, a war, starvation and now the rain,” said Um Badri, a mother of five from Gaza City, now in a tent in Khan Yunis.

“We used to wait for winter, to enjoy watching the rain from the balcony of our house. Now, our house is gone, and the rainwater has flooded the tent we have ended up in.”

With phone service mostly absent across Gaza, residents climbed a sandy berm at the border fence and crouched beside the razor wire hoping for an Egyptian mobile signal. Mariam Odeh was trying to get a message to family still in Khan Yunis, “to tell them we are still alive and not martyrs like the others”.

‘Pressure cooker of despair’ 

The United Nations says rescuers can no longer reach the sick and wounded on the battlefield in Khan Yunis, and the prospect of combat reaching Rafah is almost unthinkable.

“Rafah is a pressure cooker of despair, and we fear for what comes next,” Jens Laerke of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs told a briefing in Geneva.

The Gaza war was triggered by fighters from the Hamas group, who stormed across the border fence into Israel on 7 October, killing 1,200 people and capturing 253 hostages, according to Israeli tallies.

However, since then, it has been revealed by Haaretz that helicopters and tanks of the Israeli army had, in fact, killed many of the 1,139 soldiers and civilians claimed by Israel to have been killed by the Palestinian Resistance.

Since then, Gaza health authorities say more than 27,000 Palestinians have been confirmed killed, 112 of them in the past 24 hours, with thousands more bodies feared lost amid the ruins.

Imagery analysed by the UN Satellite Centre shows that 30 per cent of Gaza’s buildings have also been destroyed or damaged in the Israeli offensive.

Hamas’s armed wing said on Friday it had killed 15 Israeli soldiers in battles west of Gaza City, although no confirmation was immediately available from Israel. So far, Israel has confirmed the loss of well over 200 of its soldiers.

WATCH: Gazan woman describes dire conditions in shelter tents

Mediators are awaiting a response from Hamas to a proposal drafted last week with Israeli and US spy chiefs and passed on by Egypt and Qatar, for the war’s first extended ceasefire.

The only truce, so far, lasted just a week in late November, when Hamas freed 110 women, children and foreign hostages.

The proposal envisages a first phase lasting 40 days, during which Hamas would free remaining civilian hostages, followed by further phases to hand over soldiers and bodies, according to a Palestinian official.

But the sides remain far apart over what would follow.

Hamas chief, Ismail Haniyeh, and Islamic Jihad chief, Ziad Al-Nakhala, said in a joint statement that “any negotiations should lead to a complete end to the aggression, the withdrawal of the Occupation army outside the Gaza Strip, the lifting of the siege”, as well as reconstruction, provision of Gaza’s basic needs and a full exchange of captives.

However, Israel says Hamas must be eradicated before it pulls its troops out of Gaza or frees detainees, and its main ally, the United States, has not publicly set any goals that call that into question.

Blinken heads for the region again 

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, US envoy to the United Nations, said an Algerian draft Security Council resolution demanding an immediate humanitarian ceasefire could jeopardise “sensitive negotiations” aimed at brokering a pause in fighting.

And Washington said US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, would work for a humanitarian pause and the release of hostages still held by Hamas when he begins his latest trip to Israel, the West Bank, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Qatar from Sunday.

On another front, the Israeli military said it had intercepted a missile heading for Israel in the area of the Red Sea, and Yemen’s Houthis,  confirmed they had fired ballistic missiles in the direction of the Israeli port and resort city of Eilat.

The region is also bracing for US strikes on pro-Iranian militias in Syria and Iraq, which Washington says it is preparing after three US soldiers were killed in a drone strike in Jordan.

US officials say the response will involve strikes over multiple days. Tehran says it will respond if its territory or interests are hit.

READ: Source: No date for Hamas’s visit to Egypt to discuss truce