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As famine looms in Gaza, the US scrambles for solutions

March 1, 2024 at 6:39 pm

Palestinian people with empty pots receive food distributed by charity as Gaza faces hunger crisis as situation worsens amid blockade due to the ongoing Israeli offensive in Deir al Balah, central Gaza on February 29, 2024 [Ali Jadallah/Anadolu Agency]

From air drops of humanitarian aid, to supply ships from Cyprus, the United States is urgently seeking ways to feed the people of Gaza as Israel resists Washington’s push for more aid access and US efforts to broker a truce in the war test global patience, Reuters reports.

With more than half a million people in the besieged enclave facing a looming famine amid Israel’s military offensive, residents are desperate and aid deliveries have become chaotic and deadly.

On Thursday, over 100 Palestinians were killed by Israeli fire while waiting for aid delivery, Palestinian health officials said. Israel denied it was to blame, saying many victims were run over by aid trucks.

Under pressure at home and from allies abroad to act, the Biden administration is considering expensive proposals more often associated with natural disasters and the Cold War era.

Dropping food and supplies from planes is one option, according to US officials. France has already made several such deliveries to Gaza with Jordan and others in the region.

Another is shipping assistance by sea from Cyprus, some 210 nautical miles off Gaza’s Mediterranean coast, said a US official. US officials visited Cyprus this week to examine a possible maritime aid operation, the official said.

WATCH: Israeli tanks open fire at civilians trying to collect aid in Gaza

The details of such an operation, including where in Gaza supplies could be unloaded, were not clear. The official said the administration is considering using military or commercial ships, and it would be “complex in terms of securing a landing site”.

No decision has been made on military involvement in such an operation, said the official, adding the Israelis were “very receptive” to the sealift option because it would avoid delays from protesters blocking land crossings to aid convoys.

The air drop idea has drawn scepticism from some in the humanitarian community.

“It’s insane that the entity necessitating this expensive workaround is not ISIL (Islamic State) … or the Soviets … but a US ally fighting a war with full US backing,” said Jeremy Konyndyk, President of Refugees International, referring to Israel.

“Airdrops are massively expensive and low-volume … The fact that they need be considered is a major policy failure.”

Israel says it is committed to improving the humanitarian situation in Gaza, and accuses Hamas of endangering Palestinian civilians by using them as human shields.

Asked about the options being considered by the US, a spokesperson for the Israeli embassy in Washington referred to a statement on Thursday in which Israeli military spokesperson, Daniel Hagari, said Israel was coordinating aid deliveries and wants humanitarian aid to reach the enclave’s people.

“We are working around the clock to make this happen,” Hagari said in the video statement. “Israel puts no limits on the amount of aid that can go into Gaza.”

Unsafe for aid workers 

Aid deliveries to Gaza, particularly the north, have been rare and chaotic, as increased lawlessness, looting and the breakdown of the public order following Israel’s military offensive that has killed more  than 30,000 Palestinians has made it extremely unsafe for aid workers to operate.

The conflict began with a Hamas attack into southern Israel from Gaza on 7 October in which members of the group killed 1,200 people and abducted more than 250.

However, since then, it has been revealed by Haaretz that helicopters and tanks of the Israeli army had, in fact, killed many of the 1,139 soldiers and civilians claimed by Israel to have been killed by the Palestinian Resistance.

WATCH: ‘Netanyahu’s cabinet created a massive humanitarian disaster, pushing the region further away from a two-state solution’

Thursday’s incident near Gaza City was the biggest loss of civilian lives in weeks. Hamas said it could jeopardise talks in Qatar aimed at securing a ceasefire and the release of Israeli hostages. Hopes had been growing of a truce before the 10 March start of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.

The UN and relief agencies have criticised Israel for denying attempts to transfer humanitarian aid to northern parts of Gaza, restricting movement and communications.

The Biden administration says the best solution to the humanitarian crisis would be a temporary ceasefire, but as the negotiations drag on, it too is showing frustration with the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

At a United Nations Security Council meeting on Tuesday on hunger in Gaza, the United States was blunt about the responsibility of its ally.

“Simply put, Israel must do more,” Deputy US Ambassador to the UN, Robert Wood, told the Security Council.

Who provides security for aid shipments has emerged as a major problem. The UN does not have its own guards and Israeli forces have attacked Palestinian police who escorted aid trucks, accusing some of them of belonging to Hamas.

Without giving details, State Department spokesperson, Matthew Miller, said US officials were considering a number of aid measures. He also said Washington was talking to Israel to get a border crossing in northern Gaza opened.

Miller said there are “security and technical challenges” with opening more border crossings, but that Israel has been willing to work through them.

He said Washington had previously intervened to convince Israel to open two border crossings in the south of Gaza that it had closed. “It’s not something that happened overnight,” he said. “It’s something we pushed for repeatedly.”

READ: South Africa condemns Israel over deaths of Palestinians awaiting aid