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Libya parliament cancels Friday's election

People stage a demonstration to protest the election laws and the attempt to hold elections without a Constitution, on 30 November 2021 in Tripoli, Libya. [Hazem Turkia - Anadolu Agency]
People stage a demonstration to protest the election laws and the attempt to hold elections without a Constitution, on 30 November 2021 in Tripoli, Libya. [Hazem Turkia - Anadolu Agency]

Libya's parliament said Friday's planned presidential election would not go ahead, leaving the internationally-backed peace process in chaos and the fate of the interim government in doubt, Reuters reports.

The electoral commission today proposed pushing back the voting date by a month, confirming a delay that had been widely expected amid ongoing disputes over the rules, including the eligibility of several divisive major candidates.

Disagreements showed the limitations of a winner-takes-all presidential vote involving candidates viewed as unacceptable in large parts of the country including the son of Muammar Gaddafi and a military leader who assaulted Tripoli.

At stake is a peace process that had been seen as the best hope in years of bringing an end to the decade of chaos and violence that has engulfed Libya since a NATO-backed uprising ousted Gaddafi in 2011.

Very large numbers of Libyans had already registered for voting cards for the election in what politicians on all sides in Libya have said is a sign of a strong popular desire for a vote.

READ: UN issues warning as armed groups mobilise in Libya

However, with mobilisations in Tripoli and other western areas by armed groups, the collapse of the electoral process risks aggravating local disputes and triggering a new round of fighting.

Disputes over the path forward could also undo the wider UN-backed peace process between Libya's main eastern and western camps that have maintained a ceasefire since last year.

Some figures in the east have warned of a new breakaway government that would return Libya to the division between warring administrations that lasted from the last election in 2014 until the installation of the current interim government.

Factions, candidates, and foreign powers have been talking behind the scenes about whether an election can still take place with a short delay or whether a longer postponement is necessary to reach an agreement on the legal basis of the vote.

Could Libya really have democratic and transparent elections? - Cartoon [Sabaaneh/Middle East Monitor]

Could Libya really have democratic and transparent elections? – Cartoon [Sabaaneh/Middle East Monitor]

UN special adviser Stephanie Williams said on social media she had been meeting members of the political forum that set the electoral process in train last year and reiterated the need for "free, fair and credible elections".

Meanwhile, the status of the interim government that was installed in March as part of the same peace process is also at risk, with the eastern-based parliament having withdrawn confidence from it in September.

The electoral committee's statement today added that the government's mandate would expire on Friday. However, other main factions and political institutions may stick with the government, which is also recognised by the United Nations.

The election was originally called through a UN-backed roadmap that envisaged simultaneous parliamentary and presidential elections on 24 December – Libya's national day.

However, there was no agreement on the constitutional basis for the election or on the rules among the country's fragmented political institutions.

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