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US delegation mystified by no Saudi protest over Jerusalem

Saudi Arabian King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (L) and the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on 13 December 2017 [Bandar Algaloudl/Anadolu Agency]

Saudi Arabia was one of a number of countries whose head of state failed to attend the extraordinary summit of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) held in Istanbul this week. The absence of the self-proclaimed “Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques” at a conference to discuss the fate of the third holy mosque in Islam — Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem — was met with raised eyebrows, although many were not surprised at all.

There was speculation that King Salman’s absence was due to Saudi Araba’s refusal to share a platform with Qatar and, above all, to keep good faith with US President Donald Trump. Though Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel broke with international law and consensus, it seemed that the Kingdom wanted no part in a universal rebuke for the American leader.

The Saudi monarch did try to distance himself somewhat from Trump’s announcement, reiterating the Kingdom’s stated commitment to a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital during a televised address to the country’s Shura (Consultative) Council in Riyadh on Wednesday. This took place while the world’s main pan-Islamic body held its summit in Turkey.

Nevertheless, Riyadh’s apparent indifference to the fate of Jerusalem has been so uncharacteristically baffling that even pro-Saudi commentators in America have been mystified by the muted response. Prominent US officials and commentators had actually anticipated a Saudi backlash. “The protector of Islam and home to its two holiest sites,” wrote Robert Satloff, “[was] a good place to judge the impact of President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital on US interests in the region.”

Read: What next after Bin Salman has ordered Abbas to surrender to Israel?

The real question, according to the director of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy — a think tank allied closely to the UAE and Saudi Arabia — was how “America’s friend’s one step removed from the circle of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict would react.” Satloff said that he and a delegation of 50 supporters of the think tank who were in Riyadh to meet with Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman and other senior Saudi officials were anticipating “thunderous outrage” at Trump’s announcement. Instead, what they found to their surprise was a royal family unconcerned about the fate of Jerusalem; a crown prince, he said, “who offered a very different vision for both the Saudi-American relationship and a potential for Saudi-Israeli partnership.”

Describing his encounter with the Saudi royals, the think tank chief had nothing but high praise for Bin Salman. “Jerusalem was never uttered” during their meetings, which took place while Trump made his televised declaration about the holy city. “The US delegation had spent five hours in meetings with three different Saudi ministers, discussing everything from crises with Yemen, Qatar and Lebanon, to the kingdom’s ambitious ‘Vision 2030’ reform programme, to the possible public offering of the state oil company Aramco,” Satloff wrote in an article for Foreign Policy magazine.

Mystified by the silence over Jerusalem, the US delegation, according to Satloff, were anticipating the Saudis to “unload” their frustration during their final meeting of the day with the Secretary General of the Muslim World League. “Surely,” he mused, “the head of the MWL would denounce America’s assault on the sanctity of Muslim control of Jerusalem.”

How long before the Israeli flag flies over Riyadh?

To his “amazement” Jerusalem never passed the lips of the Saudi officials. Instead, they “noted with pride” their friendships with rabbis in Europe and America, the visit that had been made to a synagogue in Paris, and the interfaith dialogue to which the Saudis were now committed. The US delegation went to bed that evening confident that they would witness the “fire and brimstone of the old Saudi Arabia” once the details of Trump’s announcement were known.

The following day they had an audience with none other than the Crown Prince himself. The 32 year old Mohammad Bin Salman is the de-facto ruler of the Kingdom, and he “had a lot to say” explained Satloff, although it wasn’t apparent that Jerusalem was one of the issues bothering him. “If we hadn’t asked him directly about Trump’s announcement, it may never have come up. He certainly didn’t come to the meeting to vent [his anger].”

Critics have suggested that Saudi silence over Jerusalem is a reflection of Riyadh’s abandonment of the Palestinian cause. Under the new alliance between Bin Salman, Trump and Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu, Riyadh appears to have adopted Israel’s vision for settling the conflict in Palestine.

The proposal apparently backed by the Saudis will grant Abu Dis, a town to the south-east of Jerusalem, as the future capital of an independent state of Palestine instead of occupied East Jerusalem. Palestinians will then have a non-contiguous statelet in the West Bank and Gaza Strip over which they will have only partial sovereignty; the majority of Israeli settlements in the West Bank will remain. Furthermore, the proposal does not grant Palestinian refugees and their descendants living in the diaspora their currently legitimate right to return to their land and homes in what is now Israel.

Should we be surprised? Optimists sensed a glimmer of hope that Saudi Arabia, while avoiding public condemnation of Trump, was privately expressing its displeasure to the Americans as forcefully as it could. That doesn’t seem to have been the case. Bin Salman’s abandonment of not only the Palestinian cause but of Jerusalem itself, a holy city to 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide, has completely disqualified the Kingdom from making any claim about protecting Islam and leading the Muslim world.

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  • The Saudis actually HAVE released a statement protesting the American decision. Not attending the Turkish summit does not necessarily mean it does not care.

  • Hitler

    i am ready to fight against these bastards called al- saud

    • abu antar

      Welcome to the mindset, where an Arab leader who talks about
      peace with Israel is a traitor, while an Arab leader who talks about
      destroying Israel, is a “hero.”

      • Hasan Zaman

        Who will be Hero then? Mr. Tump? Are blind to see Israeli aggression in Palestine? It is not only the matter of religious crisis, it is also human crisis of existence. From Mogolia you may seem it easy to see shooting of brothers, sisters, neighbors … but not that easy in Palestine….

      • mert kivanc

        Abu you talk as if Israel is an innocent little country who doesn’t kill and suppress it’s own Palestanian population.

        There are actually thousands of pious Jews who are opposed to the decision by the State of Israel and Trump on the Jerusalem matter. But it’s the Zionists here that are instigating a new conflict not any Arab or Muslim leader.

        • abu antar

          If you truely follow M.E politics, you’d realize that mindsets are shifting. After 70 years, Arabs realize that Israel is part of the M.E and that the decisions born in 1949 to eternity the Palestinian refugee problem, is counter productive. What was clear policy then, is non realistic and certainly doesn’t benefit the Palestinians. Palestinians are not one meter closer to an independent state than they were 30,40 years ago.Worse. All the time wasted over bickering and “negotiations”,aided Israel to expand settlements, move mass immigration of Jews to Palestinian territories, bring wars, death and destruction on Israel and neighboring countries.All the while ,Palestinians getting the worse of it.Arab countries (at least those with leaders with a vision)are tired of the never ending cycle.New forces, super powers are players in the M.E. Some are more threatening to the region countries than Israel.Cultural and religious habits can continue, regardless of the times, or, adapt and think forward. What is better for the region? Hold to old animosities or try bring change that will might benefit the citizens of the M.E?

          • mert kivanc

            Israel would be peacefully accepted as a part of the Middle East if they didn’t suppress and beat their occupied Palestanian brothers. But the problem is that the State of Israel doesn’t look at the Palestanians as brothers from the same stalk because the State of Israel wasn’t created by Jews of semitic descent, instead, it was predominantly Zionist Jews originating from the Khazar and Eastern European backgrounds. These Zionist Jews killed indiscrimanently so they can go back to their “Holy Land”. They murdered thousands of Palestanians and still don’t care about their welfare. If these violent Zionist Jews actually repented and were sincere, they would allow for the creation of a Palestanian State, then perhaps, Israel would truly be accepted as part of the Middle East, not just by its southern Arab neighbors but by the Turks and Persian Muslims of the North.

  • charliematerne

    How is Saudi Arabia “self-proclaimed “Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques” “, but “third holy mosque in Islam — Al-Aqsa Mosque” when the Supreme Muslim Council” didn’t bother to mention that “fact” in its guide?

    • Helen4Yemen

      Where is the Ashkenazi from? He is totally of European ancestry, is he not?
      Poland and not Palestine is his grandma’s land, is it not?
      What is # 22 European-Jewish”? Is that not code for Kazar?
      Do they also have:
      African-Jewish?
      Arab-Jewish?
      Asian-Jewish?
      American-Jewish?
      No, they do not! This is simply a code to mean Khazar but are
      afraid to say it.

      European-Jewish is?

      Africa ………………………………………Europe
      1 Africa North …………………………. 14 Iberian Peninsula
      2 Africa South-Central ……………… 15 Great Britain
      Hunter Gatherers …………………….. 16 Italy/Greece
      3 Africa Southeastern ………………..17 Ireland
      4 Benin/Togo …………………………… 18 Europe East
      5 Cameroon/Congo ………………….. 19 Europe West
      6 Ivory Coast/Ghana …………………. 20 Scandinavia
      7 Mali ………………………………………. 21 Finland/Northwest Russia
      8 Nigeria ………………………………….. 22 European Jewish
      9 Senegal …………………………………..Pacific Islander
      America ……………………………………. 23 Polynesia
      10 Native American ……………………. 24 Melanesia
      Asia ……………………………………………West Asia
      11 Asia East ………………………………..25 Caucasus
      12 Asia Central …………………………… 26 Middle East
      13 Asia South

    • mert kivanc

      Indeed it’s disgraceful that the Saudis are quiet about the Jerusalem matter. Instead of taking a leading role, they are trying to be “diplomatic” about the whole matter, so not to upset Israel or the Trump Administration. They are also acting anti-islamic by refusing to be on the same platform with the leaders of Qatar and Iran.

      It’s acts like these that warrant review of the status of Mecca and Medina. It is becoming increasingly apparent that Saudi Arabia is not worthy of being the “Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques” and the OIC should look into giving these lands to a third party or place it under a different status out of Saudi control.

      It’s clear that the Saudi regime will serve as a puppet to the US and Israel in the future as well. Therefore, it would make sense to place Mecca and Medina under joint control with Turkey and Iran, thereby, showing the unity amongst Sunni and Shia Muslims across the Islamic world.

      Otherwise, the current policy Saudia Arabia has taken is one that will only serve Zionist and Imperalist interests and create increased tension in the Muslim world. While Turkey, Iran and Qatar are helping reduce the chances of secterian violence by cooperating with each other, the Saudis are looking at more opportunities to create a regional war between Sunnis and Shiites. In the process, it is essentially placing its military under the control of the US and Israel.

      The Muslim world can not accept such reckless and self-destructive behaviour by the Saudi regime that will ultimately destabilize the entire Middle East. It’s time for Saudi Arabia to allow Turkey or a Sunni coalition led by Turkey to administer important matters regarding the Islamic world. I mention Turkey because of it’s unique relationship and sphere of influence that exists not just in the Middle East but also amongst the Sunni Muslims in the Balkans, Caucusus, Russia and Central Asia. Turkey’s close historical and cultural ties with Iran will also serve as a valued tool to help diffuse tensions amongst Sunnis and Shia that the Saudis keep instigating. The fact that Turkey and Iran have the longest standing border in the Middle East that hasn’t seen a war for centuries should serve as a testament of the rest of the Middle East should be in the future. A future that promotes the territorial integrity of nations and avoids actual conflict and killing amongst Muslim brethren.

      Hundreds of Muslims are being killed across the Muslim world today. Some at the hands of foreign powers, while many more as a result of secterian violence amongst Muslims themselves. The Muslim world needs peace more than ever, not more provocation. It certainly wouldn’t hurt keeping a lid on extreme ideologies that promote the violence behind these senseless deaths amongst Muslims.

      Because the biggest financiers of Wahhabism /Salafism is Saudi Arabia, allowing for Turkey to keep control of these extreme and violence-promoting ideologies would do the whole world a favor and not just to the Muslim world. The financing and exporting of these radical ideologies by Saudi Arabia should come to an end as they are preverse interpretations of the religion and do not reflect the true messages of Islam.

      • charliematerne

        Since when does the OIC (or anyone else) have the authority to change Saudi Arabia’s borders (or Israel’s for that matter)?As for ” ultimately destabilize the entire Middle East.”, where have you been for the last 10 or so years?

        • Fargo

          Who died and put you in charge of the world or the middle east for that matter? Israel has no border, so I can decide where it should be as much as anyone else.

          • charliematerne

            Actually, Israel has very well defined and surveyed borders. You will stop publicizing your stupidity and bigotry is you will read the “Peace Treaty Between Egypt and Israel” and the “Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan” Both state that the Mandate Borders from 1922 are their International Borders with Israel and both survey those borders. All three documents are International Law and are on file and available on the UN website. While you are on the UN site see if you can find a single document establishing any borders for the mythical “state of Palestine”. The UN Charter and International Law do NOT give anyone the “right” to change a states borders except the state concerned. That’s not me being in charge of the world, it is simple law. Any change to that law would lead to complete chaos.

          • Fargo

            No, Israel doesn’t have either a border or a constitution, thus they are not a real country by any definition, other than in imagination of lost souls like you. If you want to go by the UN partition map and where Israel declared its border in 1948, check your map again. Besides, who died and selected Britain to give away Palestine to Zionists, even at that.

          • charliematerne

            Britain doesn’t have a constitution, are they not a “real country”? Several nations don’t have a constitution, but rely on “Basic Laws”, are they not “real countries”? PS: your “Palestinians” also rely on “Basic Laws”. The “UN Partition Map” was a violation of Article 80 of the UN Charter. It was vocally and militarily rejected by the Arabs. It is now dead and buried. Your anger at the British is misplaced. They gave nothing away (except land promised to the Jews). The League of Nations statement ““Whereas recognition has been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country.” gave the Jews the right to establish a state. The British and the French, at the direction of the League, set the borders for all the Mandates. The Mandate for a “National Home for the Jewish People” was set for the area between the Jordan River and the Med. Sea and from Egypt to Lebanon. It was the Jews who created and defended the State of Israel. No one gave them anything. If you had taken a little time and read the documents you wouldn’t be advertising your stupidity

          • Fargo

            LOL
            You must be ignorant or a very cunning Zionist. In 1215 the English came up with Magna Carta Libertatum. Since, then they have been a country continuously. The set of laws they developed over a millennia is comprehensive, and their basic law has a written historical reference.

            All countries in the world except 4 have constitutions, Britain, and New Zealand which directly references British common law, Saudi Arabia, which actually references the Quran as their constitution, or in other words, they never had anything other than their king’s decree as law, and then Israel. Israel’s problem is not that they don’t have bright people to write a constitution in a month, but that they can’t organize on an idea and at the same time fool people in the west they believe in the western ideals of equality and democracy. Simply put, if they put down what Israel is all about, an organized racist and bigoted entity, they won’t be able to fool the westerners, particularly Americans.

            Also, Israel has no defined border that anyone in the world accepts, or even they accept themselves internally.

          • charliematerne

            Jordan, Egypt and Israel recognize them. Lebanon doesn’t like it but they recognize their borders with Israel. The UN (Article 80) recognizes them.

          • Fargo

            You’re all wet dude. Neither Egypt nor Jordan nor anyone else in the world recognize Israeli annexation of Golan. Find me a single Israeli who can tell you where their border is with West Bank, I send you $1. You’re confused about border of a country with a patch of border. No one disputes they have a coat on Mediterranean, but that doesn’t make a country.

          • charliematerne

            Save your $1, there is no “border” and no “West Bank” The so-called “West Bank” is a paper construct of the Illegal belligerent occupation of Israeli territory by Jordan. Obviously, you have never bothered to read anything but your Propaganda sites. Try the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

          • Fargo

            LOL, Aren’t we aggressive tonight Santa. No cookie for you. Before reading Law of Treaties, read the preamble to the Egyptian peace treaty. Israel has violated it, Egypt can call that treaty null and void for cause, but they have a bankrupt and idiotic government to go that far. You must be a Zionist troll, won’t work with me dude, I know alot more than you could ever learn….lol

          • charliematerne

            Here is the Preamble, which part has Israel “violated”?

            The Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the State of Israel;
            PREAMBLE
            Convinced of the urgent necessity of the establishment of a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East in accordance with Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338;
            Reaffirming their adherence to the “Framework for Peace in the Middle East Agreed at Camp David,” dated September 17, 1978;
            Noting that the aforementioned Framework as appropriate is intended to constitute a basis for peace not only between Egypt and Israel but also between Israel and each of its other Arab neighbors which is prepared to negotiate peace with it on this basis;
            Desiring to bring to an end the state of war between them and to establish a peace in which every state in the area can live in security;
            Convinced that the conclusion of a Treaty of Peace between Egypt and Israel is an important step in the search for comprehensive peace in the area and for the attainment of settlement of the Arab- Israeli conflict in all its aspects;
            Inviting the other Arab parties to this dispute to join the peace process with Israel guided by and based on the principles of the aforementioned Framework;
            Desiring as well to develop friendly relations and cooperation between themselves in accordance with the United Nations Charter and the principles of international law governing international relations in times of peace;
            Agree to the following provisions in the free exercise of their sovereignty, in order to implement the “Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty Between Egypt and Israel”;

          • Fargo

            Right there:

            “Convinced of the urgent necessity of the establishment of a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East in accordance with Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338; ”

            AND

            “Noting that the aforementioned Framework as appropriate is intended to constitute a basis for peace not only between Egypt and Israel but also between Israel and each of its other Arab neighbors which is prepared to negotiate peace with it on this basis;”

            Israel needs to negotiate a withdrawal from West Bank and Gaza, and withdraw, they haven’t been. This is a very well understood clause, the Israelis haven’t followed through, and have no intention to do so.

            I don’t recognize Israel, because 1) in their own declaration of independence, they indicated they will come up with a constitution in 1st October 1948. No constitution yet. and 2) They didn’t name the country Judea because they realized Jerusalem wasn’t part of it. They named it Israel because Jerusalem wasn’t part of historic Israel.

            So, If I recognize Israel, I wouldn’t know what I am recognizing, neither in geography nor law. No one else should either. A tribe needs no recognition.

          • charliematerne

            You really are an idiot. The only “other Arab neighbors which is prepared to negotiate peace with it on this basis;” was Jordan which did so with great courage and Intelligence. If you had actually bothered to read 242 you would see that it clearly calls for PEACE before any discussion of territory, says absolutely nothing about the so-called “West Bank” and “Gaza Strip” because it uses the word “occupied” and not the word “captured” Those areas were illegally occupied by Jordan and Egypt and were liberated by Israel, the rightful sovereign under the Mandate. PS: no one cares what you “recognize”, but just our of curiosity where is this “Palestine” that you do recognize?

          • Fargo

            You are a f’ing lost cause. Ignorant and arrogant. Go read 242 and 338. So much has been written on this, without any dispute. Even the Israelis don’t claim otherwise. Their excuse for not withdrawing has always been not having a “reliable partner” on the Palestinian side. Go away man get lost. You’re an ethno-racial Zionist, heavily devoted to BS you have been fed from your childhood, pretending otherwise.

          • charliematerne

            Once again your stupidity shows because you refuse to read. Of the “Palestinians” who is the “Partner” who could make a “Peace Agreement” with Israel? Would that be Abbas who is in the 12th year of his 4 year elected term? Or perhaps Hamas, they are only in the 11th year of their 4 year elected term. And then there is Syria. Who should Israel negotiate with, the Butcher of his own people, or perhaps Russia or even Iran, perhaps ai Qaida of ISIS? How about Lebanon, which government has the authority to consent to Peace with Israel?

          • RedBaron9495

            Palestinians rejected the Partition Plan (UNGA Res. 181, Nov. 29/47) for entirely justified reasons based on international law. While Jews made up just 31% of the population (90% were of foreign origin, only 30% had become citizens, thousands were illegal immigrants) and privately owned only between 6% and 7% of the land, the Partition Plan (recommendatory only, no legal foundation, contrary to the British Class A Mandate and the Atlantic Charter, never adopted by the UNSC) outrageously recommended they receive 56% of Palestine (including its most fertile areas) in which Palestinians made up 45% of the population. (10% of Palestine’s Jewish population consisted of native Palestinian/Arab Jews who were anti-Zionist.)

            48% of the total land area of mandated Palestine was privately owned (‘mulk khaas’) by Palestinian Arabs. As noted, total Jewish privately owned land was only between 6% and 7%. About 45% of the total land area was state owned, i.e. by citizens of Palestine, and it was comprised of Communal Property (‘mashaa’), Endowment Property, (‘waqf’), and Government Property, (‘miri’.) (The British Mandate kept an extensive land registry and the UN used the registry during its early deliberations. It has in its archives 453,000 records of individual Palestinian owners defined by name, location & area.)

            Although Palestinian Arab citizens made up at least 69% of the population and to repeat, privately owned 48% of the land, the Partition Plan recommended they receive only 42% as a state. (The 2% of Palestine comprised of Jerusalem and Bethlehem was to be placed under international control, a corpus separatum.)

            Jerusalem as an example : Population of and land ownership in West and East Jerusalem in 1947: The total population of West Jerusalem (the New City) and East Jerusalem (the Old City) and their environs was about 200,000 with a slight Arab majority. (Professor Walid Khalidi, Harvard, “Plan Dalet,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Autumn, 1988, p. 17)
            The total land area of West Jerusalem (the New City) in 1947 was 19,331 dunams (about 4,833 acres) of which 40 per cent was owned by Palestinian Muslims and Christians, 26.12 per cent by Jews and 13.86 per cent by others, including Christian communities. Government and municipal land made up 2.90 per cent and roads and railways 17.12 per cent.

            East Jerusalem (the Old City) consisted of 800 dunams (about 240 acres) of which five dunams (just over one acre) were Jewish owned and the remaining 795 dunams were owned by Palestinian Muslims and Christians. (“Assessing Palestinian Property in the City,” by Dalia Habash and Terry Rempel, Jerusalem 1948: The Arab Neighbourhoods and their Fate in the War, edited by Salim Tamari, The Institute of Jerusalem Studies, 1999, map, pp. 184-85)

            In short, Palestinians were entirely justified and in full accordance with international law when they rejected the Partition Plan.

            Rubbing salt into the wound, the United States quashed a proposal based on international law put forth by Arab delegates at the UN that a referendum be conducted in Palestine to determine the wishes of the majority regarding the Partition Plan. The United States also thwarted their request to have the matter referred to the International Court of Justice.

          • charliematerne

            You are partly correct, 181 was a violation of International Law, but not for the “reason” you state.
            Fifty-one member countries – the entire League of Nations – unanimously declared on July 24, 1922: “Whereas recognition has been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country.”
            “The Mandatory shall be responsible for placing the country [Palestine] under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment of the Jewish national home, as laid down in the preamble, and the development of self-governing institutions, and also for safeguarding the civil and religious rights of all the inhabitants of Palestine, irrespective of race and religion.” (The Arabs never had any “political rights” under the Ottomans so the “right to vote” was something Israel added)
            The Mandate borders for the “National Home for the Jewish People” were:
            Palestine lies on the western edge of the continent of Asia between Latitude 30º N. and 33º N., Longitude 34º 30’ E. and 35º 30’ E. On the North it is bounded by the French Mandated Territories of Syria and Lebanon, on the East by Syria and Trans-Jordan, on the South-west by the Egyptian province of Sinai, on the South-east by the Gulf of Aqaba and on the West by the Mediterranean. The frontier with Syria was laid down by the AngloFrench Convention of the 23rd December, 1920, and its delimitation was ratified in 1923. Briefly stated, the boundaries are as follows: – North. – From Ras en Naqura on the Mediterranean eastwards to a point west of Qadas, thence in a northerly direction to Metulla, thence east to a point west of Banias. East. – From Banias in a southerly direction east of Lake Hula to Jisr Banat Ya’pub, thence along a line east of the Jordan and the Lake of Tiberias and on to El Hamme station on the Samakh-Deraa railway line, thence along the centre of the river Yarmuq to its confluence with the Jordan, thence along the centres of the Jordan, the Dead Sea and the Wadi Araba to a point on the Gulf of Aqaba two miles west of the town of Aqaba, thence along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba to Ras Jaba. South. – From Ras Jaba in a generally north-westerly direction to the junction of the Neki-Aqaba and Gaza-Aqaba Roads, thence to a point west-north-west of Ain Maghara and thence to a point on the Mediterranean coast north-west of Rafa. West. – The Mediterranean Sea.
            Now for the important part:
            Article 5. The Mandatory shall be responsible for seeing that no Palestine territory shall be ceded or leased to, or in any way placed under the control of the Government of any foreign Power.” That term “Palestinian territory” refers to the geographic area within the listed, approved borders of the Mandate, not the so-called “Palestinian territories” claimed by the recently invented “Palestinian people”
            Article 5 prohibited any 181 type of forced partition and the recent attempts to partition Israel. PS: In 1966 the ICJ ruled that the Mandates are still legally effective (the South-West Africa Case)
            Better luck with your next argument

  • rbnsa39at

    History repeats itself. The king and the family of Al Saud do not learn or have forgotten the old history of Andalusia. Despite the reign of Muslim kings in the ancient Iberia for nearly 800 years yet they were easily defeated by the Christian army of Spain, Isabella and Charlemagne. The Saudi monarch should refrain themselves from any injustice because the authority they are entrusted on lies in the hands of the Almighty☝️☝️☝️