Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir told a rally of thousands of supporters on Wednesday he would stay in power, as protesters massed a few miles away calling for him to quit over a worsening economic crisis.
A defiant Bashir challenged his opponents to beat him at the ballot box and blamed unnamed foreign powers for provoking weeks of almost daily protests prompted by bread and currency shortages.
Bashir, who opened and closed his address dancing to patriotic music and waving his cane in the air, said:
(To) those who are seeking power, there is one way which is in the ballot box, through free and fair elections
Across the River Nile in Omdurman, hundreds of protesters chanted "freedom, freedom" while several main roads were closed, a Reuters witness said. Earlier, around the time of Bashir's speech, security forces used tear gas to break up a nearby demonstration of more than 200 people.
"We are struggling to provide our daily life needs," a 43-year-old protester, who asked not to be named, told Reuters. "We will continue to protest until Bashir's government falls."
Witnesses said police officers chased demonstrators into side roads, from where they regrouped to resume their protest. Hundreds also blocked the main road, witnesses said.
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A video shared on social media and verified by Reuters showed a group of protesters marching with banners and chanting: "The people want the fall of the regime," a line made famous in the Arab Spring protests of 2011.
Demonstrations over rising bread prices and currency shortages began on Dec. 19 in the northern city of Atbara and soon spread and turned into the most persistent opposition Bashir has faced since he took power.
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A former army general who overthrew the elected government in 1989, Bashir has since repeatedly won elections which his opponents have challenged as neither fair nor free.
"MUTINY AND WAR"
On Wednesday, Bashir stood on an open-air stage in central Khartoum's Green Square and told his supporters that foreign enemies were trying to break Sudan.
There were the war, mutiny and war … They besieged us economically to make Sudan kneel down and they are trying to humiliate us with a small amount of wheat, petrol and dollars. But our pride is more valuable than the dollar.
Sudanese authorities say at least 19 people, including two security officers, have died in the protests. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch say the toll is twice as high.
Officers have been using live ammunition and stun grenades as well as tear gas to disperse protesters, witnesses say.
Sudan's economy was crippled when the southern part of the country seceded after a referendum in 2011, taking away much of the country's oil resources. The crisis has deepened since last year when the country saw some brief protests over bread shortages.
The United States lifted 20-year-old trade sanctions on Sudan in October 2017. But many investors have continued to shun a country still listed by Washington as a state sponsor of terrorism, whose president is wanted by the International Criminal Court over charges of masterminding genocide in Darfur – charges he dismisses.