Portuguese / Spanish / English

Is Europe really more civilised? Ukraine conflict a platform for racism and rewriting history

A demonstration in solidarity with Ukraine due to ongoing Russian attacks on the country on 9 March 2022 [Hussam Shbaro/Anadolu Agency]
A demonstration in solidarity with Ukraine due to ongoing Russian attacks on the country on 9 March 2022 [Hussam Shbaro/Anadolu Agency]

When a gruesome six-minute video of Ukrainian soldiers shooting and torturing handcuffed and tied-up Russian soldiers circulated online, outraged people on social media and elsewhere compared this barbaric behaviour to that of Daesh.

In a rare admission of moral responsibility, Oleksiy Arestovych, an advisor to the Ukrainian president, quickly reminded Ukrainian fighters of their responsibility under international law. "I would like to remind all our military, civilian and defence forces, once again, that the abuse of prisoners is a war crime that has no amnesty under military law and has no statute of limitations," he said, asserting "we are a European army", as if the latter is synonymous with civilised behaviour.

Even that supposed claim of responsibility conveyed subtle racism, as if to suggest that non-Westerners and non-Europeans may carry out such grisly and cowardly violence, but certainly not the more rational, humane and intellectually-superior Europeans.

The comment, though less obvious, reminds us of the racist remark by CBS News foreign correspondent Charlie D'Agata on 26 February, when he shamelessly compared Middle Eastern cities with the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, stating: "Unlike Iraq or Afghanistan, (…) this is a relatively civilised, relatively European city.

READ: Ukraine provides an opportunity for peace in Europe and beyond 

The Russia-Ukraine war has been a stage for racist comments and behaviour, some explicit and obvious, others implicit and indirect. Far from being implicit, however, Bulgarian Prime Minister Kiril Petkov did not mince words when, last February, he addressed the issue of Ukrainian refugees. Europe can benefit from Ukrainian refugees, he said, because: "These people are Europeans. (…) These people are intelligent, they are educated people. This is not the refugee wave we have been used to, people we were not sure about their identity, people with dark pasts, who could have been even terrorists."

One of many other telling episodes highlighting Western racism, but also the continued denial of its grim reality, was an interview conducted by Italian newspaper La Repubblica with Ukrainian Azov Battalion Commander Dmytro Kuharchuck. The latter's militia is known for its far-right politics, outright racism and horrific acts of violence. Yet, the newspaper described Kuharchuck as: "The kind of fighter you don't expect. He reads Kant and he doesn't only use his bazooka." If this is not the very definition of denial, what is?

That said, our proud European friends must be careful before supplanting the word "European" with "civilisation" and respect for human rights. They ought not to forget their past or rewrite their history because, after all, racially-based slavery is a European and Western brand. The slave trade, as a result of which millions of enslaved people were shipped from Africa during the course of four centuries, was very much European. According to Encyclopedia Virginia, 1.8 million people: "Died on the Middle Passage of the transatlantic slave trade." Other estimations put the number much higher.

Colonialism is another European quality. Starting in the 15th century and lasting for centuries afterwards, colonialism ravaged the entire Global South. Unlike the slave trade, colonialism enslaved entire peoples and divided whole continents, like Africa, among European spheres of influence.

The nation of Congo was literally owned by one person, Belgian King Leopold II. India was effectively controlled and colonised by the British East India Company and, later, by the British government. The fate of South America was largely determined by the US-imposed Monroe Doctrines of 1823. For nearly 200 years, this continent has paid – and continues to pay – the extremely heavy price of US colonialism and neocolonialism. No numbers or figures can possibly express the destruction and death toll inflicted by Western-European colonialism on the rest of the world, simply because the victims are still being counted. But for the sake of illustration, according to US historian Adam Hochschild, ten million people have died in Congo alone between 1885 and 1908.

READ: 'Symbol' painting of Russia-Ukraine war sold for $100,000

And how can we forget that World War I and II are also entirely European? Both wars left behind around 40 million and 75 million dead, respectively (other estimations are significantly higher). The gruesomeness of these European wars can only be compared to the atrocities committed, also by Europeans, throughout the south for hundreds of years prior.

Mere months after The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was formed in 1949, the eager Western partners were quick to flex their muscles in Korea in 1950, instigating a war that lasted for three years, resulting in the deaths of nearly five million people. The Korean War, like many other NATO-instigated conflicts, remains an unhealed wound to this day.

The list goes on and on, from the disgraceful Opium Wars on China, starting in 1839, to the nuclear bombings of Japan in 1945, to the destruction of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia in 1954, 1959 and 1970, respectively, to the political meddling, military interventions and regime changes in numerous countries around the world. They are all the work of the West, of the US and its ever-willing "European partners", all done in the name of spreading democracy, freedom and human rights.

If it were not for the Europeans, Palestine would have gained its independence decades ago, and its people, this writer included, would not have been made refugees, suffering under the yoke of Zionist Israel. If it were not for the US and the Europeans, Iraq would have remained a sovereign country, millions of lives would have been spared in one of the world's oldest civilisations, and Afghanistan would not have endured this untold hardship. Even when the US and its European friends finally relented and left Afghanistan last year, they continue to hold the country hostage by blocking the release of its funds, leading to actual starvation among the people of the war-torn country.

So before bragging about the virtues of Europe and the demeaning of everyone else, the likes of Arestovych, D'Agata and Petkov should take a look at themselves in the mirror and reconsider their unsubstantiated ethnocentric view of the world and of history. In fact, if anyone deserves bragging rights, it is those colonised nations that resisted colonialism, the enslaved people that fought for their freedom and the oppressed nations that resisted their European oppressors, despite the pain and suffering that such struggles entailed.

Sadly, for Europe, however, instead of using the Russia-Ukraine war as an opportunity to reflect on the future of the European project, whatever that is, it is being used as an opportunity to score cheap points against the very victims of Europe everywhere. Once more, valuable lessons remain unlearned.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.

Categories
ArticleEurope & RussiaOpinionRussiaUkraine
Show Comments
Writing Palestine - Celebrating the tenth year of the Palestine Book Awards - Buy your copy of the book now
Show Comments